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Computers that mimic the function of the brain !!!

A team researchers used a promising new material to build more functional memristors, bringing us closer to brain-like computing. Both academic and industrial laboratories are working to develop computers that operate more like the human brain. Instead of operating like a conventional, digital system, these new devices could potentially function more like a network of neurons.
Researchers are always searching for improved technologies, but the most efficient computer possible already exists. It can learn and adapt without needing to be programmed or updated. It has nearly limitless memory, is difficult to crash, and works at extremely fast speeds. It's not a Mac or a PC; it's the human brain. And scientists around the world want to mimic its abilities. Both academic and industrial laboratories are working to develop computers that operate more like the human brain. Instead of operating like a conventional, digital system, these new devices could potentially function more like a network of neurons. "Memristors could be used as a memory element in an integrated circuit or computer," Hersam said. "Unlike other memories that exist today in modern electronics, memristors are stable and remember their state even if you lose power." Current computers use random access memory (RAM), which moves very quickly as a user works but does not retain unsaved data if power is lost. Flash drives, on the other hand, store information when they are not powered but work much slower. Memristors could provide a memory that is the best of both worlds: fast and reliable. But there's a problem: memristors are two-terminal electronic devices, which can only control one voltage channel. Hersam wanted to transform it into a three-terminal device, allowing it to be used in more complex electronic circuits and systems.    

Nikhil Pandya

Nikhil Pandya

 

Underwater Robots Make Their Own Decisions: No humans needed

The ocean depths are a notoriously treacherous environment for human beings. As such, robots and remote control vehicles have been used for decades to map and monitor underwater environments. The trouble is that robots have to be programmed to do what they do. Even simple tasks, when performed underwater, require a lot of time and attention from engineers, who must write scripts for each particular job. There’s got to be a better way, right? Right.   A research initiative at MIT is currently addressing this issue with a new programming approach that gives robots more cognitive capabilities, allowing them to — for lack of a better term — figure stuff out on their own. A robot crew is assigned a certain high-level goal, then the bots work it out among themselves to determine the best way to accomplish the task. In fact, the MIT approach is modeled after time-tested top-down command systems, and specifically inspired by the starship Enterprise from Star Trek. One robot acts as the captain, making high-level decisions, while other bots might serve as navigators, engineers or even doctors — repairing other bots. The approach is similar to a system Williams developed for NASA in the 1990s, which allows for certain autonomous functions on satellites, probes and other spacecraft.    Now, a question arises how trustworthy will be the technology. And even if it can reduce a lot of manpower , will it be able to cover all the scenarios of the situation ?? I would like to know your views...

Nikhil Pandya

Nikhil Pandya

 

suspension

Hey there its my first blog hope you guys will enjoy it. First of all what is suspension..?? Its a basic unit which connects a vehicle to its wheel and provides a relative motion between them. It can be springs, dampers, struts, shock absorbers etc.  In this blog I am gonna talk about basics of suspension. The first question is why do we need suspension..?? The basic need of suspension is to satisfy three basic needs which I call the three C  namely comfort, control, contact.(I have copied it) We need to be comfortable while driving. Suppose there are stones or pebbles or other things on the road that can cause serious bumping of your vehicles so this makes driving uncomfy. The second and most important thing is contact. While driving tires need to be in contact with the ground or it ​can be hell of a dangerous. The third and most important thing which comes with contact is the control.  Now the basic suspension is a spring. Its very simple it just stores energy and releases and are very common with independent suspension. The springs which we use in suspension are either coil spring which we use in independent suspension. The second type of spring is the leaf spring which we can see in trucks. What spring does that it stores energy  from the motion of the force pushing into it when compressed and releases when it expands. The drawback is that it will bounce back your car every time the energy releases. So it does not find much use accept in solid wheel axle. The second type which we are gonna discuss are the dampers. Dampers consist of a cylinder with piston fitted into it. Piston has small holes and the cylinder is filled with oil. It basically converts the kinetic energy of shock into other form of energy generally the heat energy. The good thing about dampers is that it reacts to velocity which means that if there is a smaller bump it will dampen less and when the jerk is very large it will dampen​ more. Moreover it shows reactions to turning, braking and accelerations also. Now the main and most used component that's struts. It is a combo of spring and a damper. You know what's the best thing about struts it doesn't only act as a suspension it also act as a basis structural component as it eliminates the need of upper control arm and ball joint(except for wishbone strut which has upper control arm). Now last but not the least the tire has also some spring and damping properties. Hope you guys have enjoyed reading this. Next time I will explain MacPherson struts Cheers Image courtesy- www.google.com  

Sahitya Sinha

Sahitya Sinha

 

Five steps to a great PCB layout for a step-down converter

Especially for switch-mode power supplies (SMPSs), the printed circuit board (PCB) layout is a critical but often under appreciated step in achieving proper performance and reliability. Errors in the PCB layout cause a variety of misbehaviors including poor output voltage regulation, switching jitter, and even device failure. Issues like these should be avoided at all costs, since fixing them usually requires a PCB design modification. However, these pitfalls are easily circumvented if time and thought are spent during the PCB layout process before the first PCBs are ever ordered. This article presents five simple steps to ensure that your next step-down converter’s PCB layout is robust and ready for prototyping. When designing a server, tablet, or electronic point-ofsale machine, a best-practice option with the least risk is to simply copy the PCB layout example found on the evaluation module (EVM) and shown in the datasheet. However, this may not always be possible for various reasons. This article was created for these cases and details a five-step procedure to design a good PCB layout for any TPS62xxx integrated-switch, step-down converter. The internal MOSFETs and integrated loop-compensation circuitry greatly simplify the PCB layout of these devices by reducing the difficulty and time required to do the PCB layout. The versatile TPS62130A is used as the example step-down converter, which can be used in each of the above applications. 

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Plumbing & Mechanical

Subjects covered include labor, merchandising, training, job-site management, plus product and installation technical material. The intention is to strengthen the readers' performance as a vital link in the process which brings plumbing and hydronics products from the manufacturer to the ultimate buyer.

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Process Heating

Process Heating publishes editorial covering heat processing at temperatures below 1,000 deg Fahrenheit at end-user and OEM manufacturing facilities. Editorial focuses on technology, how-to, troubleshooting, and case histories in heat processing to assist engineers, managers, R & D personnel and purchasing agents.

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Food Engineering

Food Engineering covers manufacturing technologies in the areas of processing, packaging, food safety, plant operations, material handling and automation. Editorial focus is a mix of research-based articles, special reports, technology updates, new products and in-plant case history stories. Distributed monthly.

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CONNECTED TRANSPORTATION NEWS

CONNECTED TRANSPORTATION NEWS provides fortnightly updates on finance, government action, and new technology, as well as the latest case studies on successful new business models. Our package of news from around the world includes: Best Practices: management methods for deploying mobile, location-based technology. Next-Gen Transportation: new technology for intelligent roadway infrastructure, V2V/V2X communications, location-based services, technology deployments for rail and air, driver-less vehicles, and more. Industry Events: latest projects, acquisitions, regulations, and more. At no cost, subscribers can opt-in to become associate members of the International M2M Council, the global trade association for machine-to-machine communications, including access to the IoT Content Library, featuring case studies for transportation-sector professionals!

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CONNECTED INDUSTRIES NEWS

CONNECTED INDUSTRIES NEWS provides fortnightly updates on finance, government action, and new technology, as well as the latest case studies on successful new business models. Our package of news from around the world includes: Best Practices: management methods for monitoring/control and big data. Next-Gen Manufacturing & Agriculture: including QC management, tested cloud/SAAS solutions, SLA business models, manufacturing and communications standards, precision agriculture, data structure & ERP integration, and more. Industry Events: latest projects, acquisitions, regulations, and more. At no cost, subscribers can opt-in to become associate members of the International M2M Council, the global trade association for machine-to-machine communications, including access to the IoT Content Library, featuring case studies for industrial/agricultural professionals!

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SMART BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION NEWS

SMART BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION NEWS provides weekly updates on finance, government action and new technology, as well as the latest case studies on successful new care models. Our package of news from around the world includes: Best Practices: management methods that consider industry standards and more efficient models of construction. Next-Gen Buildings: reporting the shift in technology that will lead to higher levels of security, comfort, and sustainability, including “building in the cloud,” crowd-sourced design, energy performance modeling, and more. Industry News: latest projects, acquisitions, regulations, and more. At no cost, subscribers can opt-in to become associate members of the International M2M Council, the global trade association for machine-to-machine communications, including access to the IoT Content Library, featuring case studies for building and construction professionals!

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SMART CITIES NEWS

SMART CITIES NEWS provides weekly updates on finance, government action and new technology, as well as the latest case studies on successful new care models. Our package of news from around the world includes: Best Practices: management methods that consider new infrastructure developments for sustainability, quality-of-life, and economic growth. Next-Gen Cities: reporting the shift in complex municipal network deployments for traffic control, smart parking, emergency services, public lighting, and more. Industry News: latest projects, regulations, and more. At no cost, subscribers can opt-in to become associate members of the International M2M Council, the global trade association for machine-to-machine communications, including access to the IoT Content Library, featuring case studies for engineering professionals!

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